This is one of the largest national parks in the world, covering 350km from north to south, and nearly 20 000 sq. km. It is named after President Paul Kruger, who in 1898, signed a proclamation for the founding of a government game park in the area between the Crocodile and Sabi Rivers, a region now known as Mpumalanga.
Kruger National Park boasts the greatest wildlife species diversity of any park in Africa – 146 mammals including the ‘big five’ (Lion, Leopeard, Elephant, Buffalo, Rhino). The ‘big five’ occurs in Kruger NP and many private game reserves in South Africa. Other wildlife species found in South Africa are zebra, giraffe, cheetah, wilddog, hyena, fackal, wildebeest, eland, and numerous other antelope.
Around 520 bird species occur in Kruger alone. A diverse number of other bird species occur in South Africa. Many are migratory, but there are a large number that are resident throughout the year.
Kruger boasts 230 types of butterfly, 50 different snakes and 62 other reptile types. Of the 2000 plant species, 336 are trees. Insect and micro-organisms are uncountable.